Guatemala is ranked among the countries with the highest climate risk, given the impact that its territory has suffered from extreme meteorological events, which, associated with the socio-economic conditions of its population, have a high vulnerability to the effects of climate change. In this sense, the need arises to define public and government actions to reduce the effects/impacts of climate change, promoting in turn greater development and well-being of its population.
Guatemala has prioritized sectors for the definition and execution of climate actions, both to reduce the vulnerability and increase the resilience of populations and ecosystems to the impacts of climate change, and to mitigate GHG. Within the latter, the waste and industrial processes sectors have been prioritized. GHG emissions from the waste sector come mainly from the decomposition of organic matter in landfills, the incineration of waste, and the treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater. On the other hand, in the industrial sector, GHGs come from the burning of fuels in furnaces, boilers and electricity generators, from industrial processes that contemplate the chemical or physical transformation of raw materials to metals, chemicals, or other minerals.
The Government of Guatemala has stated that one of the main limitations for the definition of specific climate actions is that there is no detailed information about the composition of waste generated in the municipalities.
The update of the NDC of Guatemala implies the analysis of the successful mitigation technological options envisaged in the past, as well as new appropriate climate technologies for different sectors of the economy, including waste and industrial processes.
The technical assistance will be supporting the prioritized options specifically related to the reuse and recycling of the inorganic solid waste in the solid and liquid waste sector of the low emissions development strategy:
- Analysis and selection of the municipality for the pilot project; review of development instruments; mapping of key actors and economic sectors with the greatest contribution to the emission of GHG;
- Study of waste composition;
- Definition of strategies for the integration of circular economy in municipal development processes (including agreements with the private sector and academia);
- Validation of strategies with key stakeholders.
Identify vulnerable populations that depend on waste collection and present technology measures to improve the quality of life of these populations and their livelihoods. By improving waste management and integrating it into economic development processes, it contributes to the reduction of emissions and to social and economic well-being.