Developing policy framework and business model to promote sustainable use of biomass briquettes in Nepal


This Technology Transfer Advances Nepal's

  • Nationally Determined Contribution to "maintain 40% of the total area of the country under forest cover and increase forest productivity and products through sustainable management of forests", and to contribute to the global efforts of reducing GHGs emissions and helping life and life-support systems to adapt and build resilience to climate change impacts.


Nepal is not endowed with cleaner cooking fuel resources like natural gas. Neither the current electricity generation from cleaner hydropower resources is adequate to meet the energy demands through electricity. Nepal is heavily dependent on biomass to meet its energy needs. More than four million people, primarily from the low income group, are directly dependent upon biomass either for cooking or heating purposes. 

Requested CTCN Response

To develop a policy framework and an appropriate market network for exploiting the potential of biomass briquettes for GHG emission reduction as well as energy security:

  • Capacity building of and dialogue among policy makers, manufacturers, financial institutions and end-users 
  • Developing innovative and integrated business model that manages demand and supply for biomass briquettes 
  • Developing an appropriate policy framework to create, sustain and further promote the biomass briquette industry in Nepal

Relevant Technologies and Approaches

Expected Results

This assistance will contribute on the energy crisis mitigation through alternative biomass energy utilization. The sustainable business model for biomass briquette industries will not only help existing industries to endure in the market, but also assist to bridge the existing gap between energy demand and supply through proper introduction of biomass energy resources. It will ultimately help in achieving the national development priorities by addressing energy needs from various consumer levels, reduction of excessive fuelwood consumption at rural household for cooking and heating and reduce dependency on forest and deforestation, increase employment generation in biomass energy sector.


Date of submission
Geographical scope
Budget range
Renewable energy

Project details

Cross-sectoral enabler
Economics and financial decision-making
Final type of assistance
Decision-making tools and/or information provision
Request NDE
Ministry of Forests and Environment
Asian Institute of Technology
This technical assistance advances the following Sustainable Development Goals

Key documents