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INDC of Antigua and Barbuda

Conditional Adaptation Targets 1. By 2025, increase seawater desalination capacity by 50% above 2015 levels.2. By 2030, all buildings are improved and prepared for extreme climate events, including drought, flooding and hurricanes.3. By 2030, 100% of electricity demand in the water sector(1) and other essential services (including health, food storage and emergency services) will be met through off-grid renewable sources.4. By 2030, all waterways are protected to reduce the risks of flooding and health impacts.5. By 2030, an affordable insurance scheme is available for farmers, fishers, and residential and business owners to cope with losses resulting from climate variability. Conditional Mitigation Targets 1. By 2020, establish efficiency standards for the importation of all vehicles and appliances.2. By 2020, finalize the technical studies with the intention to construct and operationalize a waste to energy (WTE) plant by 2025.(2)3. By 2030, achieve an energy matrix with 50 MW of electricity from renewable sources both on and off-grid in the public and private sectors. (3)4. By 2030, all remaining wetlands and watershed areas with carbon sequestration potential are protected as carbon sinks. Unconditional Targets 1. Enhance the established enabling legal, policy and institutional environment for a low carbon emission development pathway to achieve poverty reduction and sustainable development.2. By 2020, update the Building Code to meet projected impacts of climate change. (1) The water sector includes water generation (seawater desalination), distribution and usage, to ensure water delivery when grid electricity may be interrupted. Based on an informal assessment, water distribution and usage is equal to approximately 15% of GHG emissions in the electricity sector.(2) This waste to energy target is not considered part of the 50 MW renewable energy target. (3) This target includes distributive renewable energy capacity to be used as backup energy by the commercial sector and some residences. The assumption is that the commercial sector has full backup capacity of approx. 20 MW to continue business when electricity via the grid may be interrupted. Backup electricity generation is currently fossil fuel-based.

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