Comparing the changes in average mean annual temperatures in Guatemala for the period 1971-2000 and the period 2001-2014, a rising trend in temperatures can be seen. Furthermore, the variability and extreme climatic events have had negative impacts on farming activities, the availability of water and soil degradation. Due to Guatemala’s dependence on rainfed agriculture, these phenomena have severe impacts on production in this sector and in the food security of the population. These impacts are more critical in areas such as the Dry Corridor, where a reduction in precipitation of up to 50 percent is forecast. In order to tackle this situation, the State has established a sound legislative and policy framework on climate change and is implementing various initiatives to reduce vulnerability to its effects.
To support the process of updating the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) and other related planning frameworks, through collaboration in a Vulnerability Analysis (VA) in Guatemala’s expanded Dry Corridor, identification of actions for adaptation of the agriculture sector, livestock farming and food security, incorporation of the results of the analysis in the update of the NDC and preparation of two project ideas to support management of financing of the climate issue:
- Development of implementation planning and communication documents;
- Methodology for the formulation of an analysis of vulnerability to the effects of climate change on the Dry Corridor of Guatemala agreed with the key stakeholders;
- Finalized vulnerability analysis prioritizing areas of high risk to climate change in the Dry Corridor of Guatemala;
- Recommendations to adjust the national adaptation objectives and targets in the agriculture, livestock and food security sector available and pilot projects for areas at high risk to climate change identified in the Dry Corridor;
- The first draft of two concept notes on adaptation to climate change for the GCF in the agriculture, livestock and food security sector.
The technical assistance will enhance progress towards achievement of the adaptation targets in the agriculture, livestock and food security sector, by providing key information for the implementation of adaptation measures. The information will identify different realities within the Dry Corridor, which will help in taking decisions for the implementation of the adaptation measures.