Costa Rica’s National Technical Secretariat for the Environment (SETENA) sets the criteria and the technical procedure to follow when the variable of the environment is being included in land use plans. However, to date this standard has not included or recommended assessing the impact of climate change or the climate change mitigation and adaptation measures which need to be incorporated in local level land use planning in order to bolster medium and long-term resilience.
The Technical Guidelines for including the variable of the environment in land use plans in Costa Rica is the document used to direct the technical procedure whose structure and details are contained in the various phases of the process that SETENA stipulates must be followed when developing land use plans in terrestrial and/or marine environments.
The standards are currently being revised, meaning that this technical assistance will help bolster the inclusion of the climate change variable, so that the development of the plan takes place from an over-arching perspective in which assessment of the area’s environmental condition and evaluation of the human component are coordinated and enable a roadmap towards medium and long-term sustainability for the area to be devised, including climate change adaptation and mitigation measures.
Consequently, the aim of the technical assistance is to build capacity in order to introduce the issue of climate change into land use planning, forging links with the following sectors: conservation of biodiversity, reducing vulnerability to natural disasters, planning and governance, water, coastal areas, infrastructure and urban areas.