The 15 fastest growing cities in the world - according to United Nations population estimates - are all in Africa. According to a UN Habitat report, the phenomenon of accelerated urbanization is one of the major causes of environmental degradation and its most visible consequence is undoubtedly deforestation. Burkina Faso is experiencing strong population growth. The population could reach 25 million by 2025, 9 million of whom will live in urban areas. Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso are already home to 62% of the country's urban population and the urbanization rate could rise from 20.3 in 2006 to 35% in 2026.
Faced with the inevitable impacts of climate change, it appears necessary to adapt urban centers in order to reduce the vulnerability of territories and populations to various natural disasters such as droughts, landslides, famine and floods. Urban greening and urban green Infrastructure are actions that are regularly put forward in terms of adaptation to climate factors, for example to combat the aggravation of the urban heat island phenomenon or the significant variability of rainfall.
Burkina Faso's main urban centers have a large amount of land for the creation of green spaces provided for in the cadastral plans. However, green space sites are illegally occupied (27% in 2012), diverted from their initial use or colonized by socio-economic infrastructures such as schools, places of worship and commercial kiosks. In the face of these threats, protection, beautification and enhancement is a major challenge for sustainable management of landscaping in Burkina Faso in order to improve the quality of life of the population in urban areas as reflected in the National Landscaping Strategy.
- Carry out a territorial and geo-spatial diagnosis for the identification of sites in the city of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso through the use of satellite technologies for the promotion of urban green infrastructure;
- Select sites and define the use of these sites in consultation with all stakeholders;
- Identify plant species that can adapt to the climatic zone concerned;
- Formulate a plan to implement, develop and manage urban green infrastcruture in the city of Ouagadougou including a capacity building actions;
- Raise the awareness of the youngest and vulnerable populations to the challenges of sustainable cities;
- Facilitate access to climate finance by drafting a concept note.
With the help of satellite technologies, new green spaces and green infrastructure will be identified, protected, secured and enhanced, increasing the resilience of the city of Ouagadougou to the effects of climate change. The technical assistance will also promote citizen participation and raise awareness among the most vulnerable populations (women and children).