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Leapfrogging Namibia’s market to energy-efficient refrigerators and distribution transformers

This technical assistance advances the following Sustainable Development Goals:

Affordable and clean energy

Affordable and clean energy

Climate action

Climate action

This Technology Transfer Advances Namibia's

  • Nationally Determined Contribution to implement an energy efficiency programme to reduce consumption by about 10% in 2030 and reduce about 89% of its GHG emissions at the 2030 time horizon compared to the BAU scenario. 


Petrol and diesel fuel use accounts for about 63% of Namibia's total energy net consumption, followed by electricity with 17% net consumption. Namibia has limited oil reserves and depends highly on electricity import from other countries. A heavy reliance on such fuel has an obvious negative impact on emissions and environmental air quality. Namibia has a variable climate and experiences persistent droughts, unpredictable rainfall patterns and high temperature variability. This places Namibia at high risk for climate change-related impacts.

Namibia currently faces critical challenges to achieving market transformation towards energy efficient products including lack of information and awareness, limited labelling of appliances, and an absence of minimum energy performance standards. Namibia also lacks comprehensive policies for refrigerators and distribution transformers. Those with the lowest purchase price are the most ubiquitous, and these products tend to have inferior performance.

The CTCN previously developed detailed country assessments for 9 Southern Africa countries, including Namibia, focusing on five priority products (i.e. lighting, refrigerators, air conditioners, electric motors and distribution transformers). This assistance will help to inform Namibia's future objectives for climate-related policy actions.

CTCN Support

  • Validate the data collected by the CTCN from stakeholders (e.g. manufacturers, retailers, suppliers, utilities) on the existing initiatives and use of refrigerators and distribution transformers. Undertake detailed market assessments and feasibility of implementation of technologies with the highest efficiency
  • Develop a technology roadmap and action plan for promoting and adoption of efficient appliance in the country.
  • Propose draft minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) and labeling for refrigerators (building off the United for Efficiency Model Regulations) and procurement specifications for distribution transformers
  • Assist decision makers and stakeholders to put the draft MEPS for refrigerators and procurement specifications for distribution transformers into practice
  • Gather information on financing lines and business models for financing energy-efficient refrigerators and/or distribution transformers
  • Develop proposal for financial/market based mechanism on energy-efficient refrigerators and/or distribution transformers

Expected Impact

It is estimated that this project will result in GHG savings of 15 thousand tonnes along with financial savings of $41 million through reduced electricity bills. Other benefits foreseen include a reduced strain on the electricity grid and ability to extend the electricity grid.

Energy efficient appliances such as cooking stoves have the potential to reduce the workload for women and children who typically gather the fuel for traditional stoves and decrease the demands on scarce natural resources. Reduction in outdoor air pollution is another significant co-benefit.

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