Coal mining is a significant emission source of methane. In Georgia, for the period of 1998-2003 methane was the leading greenhouse gas. However from 2004, due to economic advancement, CO2 emissions have been rising and methane is currently the second largest contributor. The main source of methane emissions is Georgia's energy sector. Georgia is in urgent need of capacity building and technology transfer related to the reduction of methane emissions from coal mining. It is projected that the production of coal in the country will approximately double in the next five years, from 350k metric tons up to 700k metric tons. Georgia does not have any specific rules, which would regulate methane emissions from coal mining. Georgia plans to unconditionally reduce GHG emissions by 15% below the business as usual scenario for the year 2030.
Conduct full-scale comprehensive feasibility study including technology demonstrations:
- Data acquisition and on-site investigations at coal mines - a detailed assessment of available gas resources
- Independent forecast of total and utilisable gas emissions
- A detailed assessment of mine drainage and degasification techniques that should be used in order to achieve maximum quality and quantity of drained gas
- A detailed assessment of technical possibilities to use the gas based on its quality where end uses includes power generation, gas sales to pipeline (with or without upgrade), coal drying, and mine heating
- A detailed assessment of project costs
- A detailed financial analysis for each technically viable scenario
- A detailed assessment of country legal, regulatory, and environmental issues, including the status of gas ownership rights
- A summary of key staff positions and requisite education and experience for those positions
- A target schedule for project implementation and operation
This project will help to lower GHG emissions from mining activities as well as lower hazards during coal mining.