According to the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (PNACC), about 320,000 Cameroonians, out of a total population of about 22 million, are already affected by climate-related disasters. The country is already facing an abnormal recurrence of extreme weather events.
These climatic changes observed in Cameroon during the last 50 years, are characterized precisely by the regression (-2.2%) per decade of rainfall since 1960, an increase (+ 0.7 ° C) of the average annual temperature, the recrudescence of extreme events throughout the country: droughts, more frequent and violent storms, floods and landslides, mudslides, falling rocks, landslides, etc. These impacts cause a drastic drop in productivity in fisheries, livestock, and agriculture, which are the key sectors of the local and national economy. All this coupled with the low level of knowledge of practical adaptation and mitigation methods makes communities highly vulnerable to these climate changes.
Some of the actions that can be taken include strengthening afforestation efforts, adopting and applying communication technologies, adopting effective accounting rules, resilient urbanization, etc. Several factors stand in the way of these actions, especially, the absence of data, the lack of training and information of the local populations in the techniques of mitigation and adaptation to the impacts of climate change, also the lack of capacity building of the municipal and local youths in the field.
- Producing a vulnerability matrix of selected pilot municipalities in the face of climate change
- Establishing a mechanism for monitoring and evaluating climatic parameters in municipalities with training, as well as capacity building for municipal and local youth
- Developing mitigation and adaptation action plans and priority projects
- Conducting public awareness campaigns and information on mitigation and adaptation measures to the impacts of climate change
- Vulnerability matrix of selected pilot communes in the face of climate change
- Local people trained and equipped
- A mechanism for monitoring and evaluating climatic parameters in municipalities is in place
- Action plans for mitigation and adaptation projects are developed