Among the total energy consumption of the Kyrgyz Republic, the building sector comprises more than seventy percent. The analysis on creating an inventory for the public buildings was conducted in May 2018 to identify its energy saving potential with energy efficient measures and garner global investment opportunities in the sector. The study reported 9,780 public buildings consume 850 GWh/year, which is 10% of total energy consumption with annually increasing rates.
Most of the public buildings in the Kyrgyz Republic were outdated, built around 35-75 years ago during the Soviet period, and had no retrofits thus far leaving them with high normative energy demand - of approximately 250 kWh per m2 - and poor insulation - 70-88% of energy used for space heating. In the winter season, in particular, there are frequent outages in public buildings. These severely under-heated buildings result in poor public service delivery in schools, hospitals and community sectors.
In order to institutionalize and standardize the energy performance of buildings nationwide, it is important to lift up the level of the ‘building codes’ comparable to international standards.
- Revision of existing national building codes for public buildings on "public buildings and structures", "heating, ventilation and air conditioning", and "Internal water supply and sewage of buildings”;
- Conduct desk research on best practices in the region on energy performance indicators;
- Organize a preparatory technical training programme for national stakeholders. The training will discuss and provide recommendations on key energy performance indicators and energy efficient technology solutions
- Amendment/updating of existing construction and other norms (SNiPs etc.) and harmonizing it with;
- Development of policy guidelines for the new standards by type of building Preparation of report on best available energy efficient (EE) technologies meeting with new national building codes for public buildings;
- Identify potential funding sources for EE technology implementation.
If the building codes are updated and enforced for public buildings, it is estimated that the energy efficient improvements would help to reduce energy consumption by 50-60 % or 500 GWh/year. At the same time thermal comfort levels can be increased to comply with norm requirements and generate substantial social and economic benefits with reduction of healthcare costs, reduction of operation and maintenance costs, improvement of productivity of public services and generally better quality public services for public including the most vulnerable.