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Water metering is a method, including its associated equipment, that helps users to account for water consumption rates that are often coupled to pricing charges per unit consumed. Water metering is a component of public water resource management aimed at monitoring and eventually reducing water consumption. It is common practice in many countries with well-established public water utilities, where meters are installed to measure consumption rates in the majority of households and buildings. The customer then pays for the amount of water consumed at recurring rates (e.g. quarterly, monthly). It is also possible to use meters that are not coupled to pricing charges in rural settings, for example at communal wells, to monitor extraction rates, although this is less widespread. Water metering can additionally be used to detect and pinpoint leakages in the system (water produced compared to water metered at the end point), and provides information to utilities about consumer behaviour that can be used in water conservation campaigns.