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Rainwater harvesting for infiltration, also known as in situ water harvesting, is a practice in which rainwater uptake in soils is increased through the soil surface, rooting system and groundwater. Soil effectively acts as the storage agent, which improves water holding capacity and fertility and reduces risks of soil loss and erosion. Common examples of water harvesting practices include terracing, pitting and conservation tillage. Due to variable and unpredictable weather patterns this technology has served as an important water source for agriculture in civilizations for centuries. This technology plays an important role in climate change adaptation due to increases in unpredictable weather patterns. Apart from its predominant function of improving cropland and vegetation, it can also help ensure sustainable water supplies for livestock or domestic use through improved recharge of nearby water-flows or ponds, as well as groundwater.