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National and community disaster management plans

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National and community disaster management plans are created to improve disaster risk management governance from the state to local level. This facilitates a shift from a relief-based approach following a disaster toward an adaptive approach focused on improving disaster preparedness, community resilience and response. National disaster management plans incorporate disaster risk management into national policies and establish a framework that clearly specifies the roles of the responsible institutions/committees. Disaster management plans at the community level can be fine-tuned according to prevalent area risks, allowing for a more specific and detailed plan tailored to local circumstances. Additionally, they involve local stakeholders, including vulnerable groups, in the plans. Effective plans increase resilience and mitigate disaster impacts, potentially saving lives and reducing the socio-economic impacts on of damage to infrastructure, people, their belongings and ecosystems.…