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Flood shelters

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Flood shelters are strong elevated structures that can be used by local residents for refuge during an extreme weather event. For a timely response, flood forecasting and warning systems should complement shelters.

Flood shelters are generally made of concrete because they are easy to construct, strong and cost efficient. They are elevated on strong pillars with a deep foundation designed to withstand high winds, water levels, and potentially scour, in high flow environments. Flood shelters may also incorporate a bending aerodynamic facade and a protected entrance area. They often have metal shutters to protect against strong wind, rain and debris.

The early warning system that complements the shelter should inform residents of possible adverse conditions in due time. This would include weather and water level forecasts and local alerts by radio, mobile phone and system staff/ volunteers.…