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Floating agriculture is a way of producing food in areas that are waterlogged for long periods of time. It is mainly aimed at adapting to increased or prolonged flooding.
The system employs beds of rotting vegetation that act as compost for crop growth. The beds are able to float on the surface of the water, thus creating areas agricultural land in a waterlogged area. Scientifically, floating agriculture can be referred to as hydroponics.
Floating agriculture is reasonably widespread in Bangladesh, where agricultural land is inundated for extended periods during the monsoon season (APEIS & RIPSO 2004).