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Communication protocols

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Communication protocols form an important part of disaster preparedness plans. They facilitate the communication of messages and information prior, during or following a disaster, thus mitigating potential damages and health risks. Communication is also crucial for education and understanding disaster risks, dissemination of safety information during a disaster event, organizing response strategies, and summoning resources to affected areas. Communication protocols for disaster response lay out a framework for communication tools and responsibilities for a specific area. An understanding of local meteorological and socio-economic conditions is important for identifying available resources and communication methods (for example, is there a strong telecommunication network for Internet access during disaster).

Traditional media, social media, religious centres, schools, local volunteer teams are all common examples of communication channels used during disaster events.…