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Cliff stabilization relates to measures carried out to minimize erosion of sloping soft rock coasts. The coasts are susceptible to erosion due to their relatively loose sediment, which is vulnerable to erosive forces such as waves, wind, tides, near-shore currents, storms and sea level rise. Cliff stabilization measures may take a wide variety of forms, including foot traffic protection, re-grading, smoothing, increasing vegetative cover and improving drainage. It can be implemented alongside various soft and hard coastal management measures.
Cliff stabilization can be a useful option in densely populated areas with high value properties and infrastructure built on sloping soft rock coasts. Cliff stabilization can thus prevent erosion of valuable land and maintain the current coastline.