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This technological approach focuses on designing infrastructure that can withstand the impact of flooding events, resulting in minimizing socio-economic damages and effective climate change adaptation. Accommodation techniques include flood resistant designs aimed at keeping floodwater out of the structure completely, and flood resilient designs, aimed at minimizing structure restoration costs and time if it is flooded. These could include both, new designs or retrofitting existing structures.
Flood resistant structures may include houses raised by stilts or compacted soil or sand, or those built in a way that allows them to move with the water level, for example houses constructed on floating pontoons. Flood resilient structures should be built with material that will minimize flood damage, such as solid and non-absorbing material, waterproof coatings, closed-cell insulation and elevated electricity sockets. Other examples include shutter systems and permanently moored houseboats.