The objective of this technical assistance will be to promote the resilience building approach of the municipality of Cocody by identifying two pilot projects in order to a) revegetate urban spaces and b) rehabilitate the mangrove swamp as well as to formulate two concept notes, one for each axis of work, in order to allow the municipality of Cocody to access climate finance for the implementation of these pilot projects.
Faced with the inevitable impacts of climate change, it seems necessary to adapt urban centers in order to reduce the vulnerability of territories and populations to various natural disasters such as droughts, landslides, famine and floods. Urban vegetation is one of the actions regularly put forward in terms of adaptation to climatic factors, for example to fight against the aggravation of the urban heat island phenomenon, the significant variability of rainfall or flooding. Green urban and coastal infrastructure are also emerging as possible measures to address the many challenges of sustainable urban development.
Mangroves are natural protectors of coastal environments, reducing the energy and amplitude of waves from the sea drifting towards the mainland, and thus contributing to the reduction of erosion rates, and reducing flooding from the ocean. However, beyond their natural protective role, mangrove systems provide many other vital ecological, social, and economic functions and services that are of particular importance to the communities living near this ecosystem. For example, the function of mangroves as a carbon sink is global in scope. Mangroves are also known as key ecosystems in the ecology of fish species, in terms of spawning grounds and growth of juvenile species. Restoration of mangroves will reduce erosion and flooding.
Côte d'Ivoire is facing crucial environmental issues with recurrent floods and droughts and air pollution, especially in urban areas. Abidjan, the economic capital of Côte d'Ivoire, is the most populous city with 4,707,000 inhabitants, or 21% of the country's total population, and is experiencing rapid urban growth characterized by heavy industrialization and urbanization. Cocody, a district of Abidjan with a lagoon frontage of 57 km, is subject to significant pressure due to rapid urbanization and is at the same time known to have the largest number of people affected by flooding.
In this context, the Municipal Council of the Commune of Cocody decided in 2017 to initiate and implement a vast project on the environment and Sustainable Development, called "The identification of projects for greening and increase the resilience of the land and coastal areas of the Commune of Cocody, Abidjan". The project aims to make the Commune of Cocody, a leading and model city, a green, flowery and clean city, a permanent carbon sink with clean energy.
A central element of this project is the greening of urban spaces and the planting of mangroves in the coastal area. This technical assistance aims to identify two bankable projects for the greening of urban spaces and the planting of mangroves in the coastal zone of the Commune of Cocody in order to improve urban resilience and support carbon sequestration in connection with previously mentioned initiative called "The identification of projects for greening and increase the resilience of the land and coastal areas of the Commune of Cocody, Abidjan".
The Technical assistance is approved now and will:
- Carry out a territorial and geo-spatial diagnosis of the commune of Cocody, in Côte d'Ivoire, by the use of satellite technologies
- Identify the pilot sites in consultation with all the stakeholders.
- Elaborate a portfolio of possible measures to increase the resilience of Cocody through a) greening the urban space, b) the restoration of mangroves
- Select 2 pilot projects, one for greening the urban space and another for the restoration of mangroves,