Sudan has been experiencing an increase in unreliable rainfall patterns and a steady increase in air temperatures, which heightens the vulnerability of the grazing and rain-fed agricultural systems of its territory. The frequency of extreme climatic shocks is increasing and particularly droughts and floods are threatening about 19 million hectares of rain-fed mechanized and traditional farms. More than 70% of the Sudanese population’s livelihood depend on these sectors. The climate impacts that Sudan is experiencing result in agricultural soil erosion, which further impacts crop productivity. These impacts are still not well understood due to the complexity of climate and ecosystem changes and a lack of biophysical soil health indicators.
With support from the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN), the Sudanese Natural Resources General Directorate of Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (NRGD) seeks to evaluate soil erosion by using advanced atomic absorption to support climate resilient agriculture and food security in Sudan. This method is expected to provide a basis over which new or different methods of development of soil- and climate-based systems can be compared and objectively evaluated.
The technical assistance shall contribute to enhance the technological capacities of the NRDG by filling information gaps, providing physical and human capacities and demonstrate the application of earth observation technologies. It also contributes to Sudan’s NDC objectives by identifying, evaluating and prioritising technologies for adaptation measures by enabling the evaluation of soil erosion to achieve climate resilient agriculture and food security. Furthermore, this technical assistance supports the transfer of technology by providing atomic absorption and earth observation tools, including the use of drones to monitor climate change variables on soil and their impacts on agricultural productivity, thereby strengthening soil monitoring systems, raising resilience and lowering the vulnerability of the agricultural sector.