A major part of Mongolia’s land is degraded through overgrazing, deforestation, and climate change. Climate change has significant impacts on Mongolia’s grassland ecosystems and the livestock farming which consequently threatens the food security of the country. In the entire value chain of livestock sector, the nomadic livestock herders are most vulnerable as they are directly facing the adverse impacts of climate change on the animals, pasture lands and of the ensuing scarcity of water and grazing for animals. Due to loss of the livestick to erratic weather events and climate disasters (e.g., dzud), the herders are increasing the livestock headcount, in turn leading to overgrazing of pastures. The pastures are lacking nutrition, and thus gaining weight during warm seasons is difficult.
With the existing players in the market, the value-adding process like meat production, processing, packaging and selling are several steps away from these communities. Hence, communities are also suffering as their livelihood is depleting, making them more vulnerable to the climate change. Lack of institutional capacity, barriers to the market and lack of adequate risk mitigation measures and financing are further adding to it.
Strengthen climate-resilient livestock farming while deriving economic sustainability for vulnerable herding communities in Bayantümen sum, Mongolia:
- By enhancing the capacity and knowledge of herding communities on climate-resilient livestock farming
- By facilitating the decision making to invest in community-scale sustainable meat processing system to improve the livelihood from livestock farming
This technical assistance will enable the vulnerable communities to derive the best value from the livestock farming while dealing with the adverse impacts of the climate change. The project would contribute to the Nationally Determined Contributions and national priorities of Mongolia in the field of climate change adaptation and mitigation.