Globally, the number of motorized vehicles is estimated to reach between 2 and 3 billion vehicles by 2050 with a significant number located in developing countries like Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe's motor vehicle fleet has been growing at a fast rate especially after the year 1990. The Zimbabwe Climate Change Response Strategy further identified that the nation's transport sector consumes over 1 billion liters of diesel and over 730 million liters of petrol annually. Part of the energy emissions come from the use of petroleum products in the transport sector.
Electric-Mobility is globally recognized as a viable and attractive option that can help the country redress the adverse issues faced with the conventional transportation system. In light of the significant contribution of the Zimbabwe transportation sector to the nation's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the adoption of eclectic mobility as a substitute for fossil fuel vehicles was noted to deliver significant cost-effective GHG reductions. The shift also has the potential to offer important co-benefits such as reduced energy imports, green growth and local job creation. Zimbabwe has also discovered large deposits of lithium which could be useful in e-mobility thus reducing emissions and also increasing adaptation through increased incomes from the proceeds of the mining
To develop national e-mobility and implementation framework for Zimbabwe for deployment and scaling-up of electric transportation systems:
- Assessment of the market readiness to deploy electric transportation systems in Zimbabwe and draft the e-mobility framework
- Conduct policy review to recommend the implementation roadmap for deployment and upscaling of the electric-mobility and supporting charging infrastructure on the basis of local context and develop a framework
- Conduct a detailed feasibility study on selected action plans to develop a business case on procuring and deploying electric vehicles and charging infrastructure
- Conduct capacity building and awareness of relevant stakeholders from government and electric-mobility value chain
Reduced heavy reliance on fossil-based liquid fuels in the transport sector and diversified the country’s energy mix with low carbon resources.