The vulnerability of the Bahamas to the impacts of climate change is well known given its geographical vulnerabilities (limited land mass, low-relief and dispersion of islands, i.e., environmental vulnerabilities (high temperatures, storm surges, sea level rise, flooding, tropical cyclones and non-tropical processes), the concentration of socioeconomic activities and critical infrastructure in narrow coastal zones, its heavy dependence on tourism as a revenue source, and the limited human and institutional capacity.
The Bahamas has committed to achieve a minimum of 30% renewables in its energy mix by 2030 and will allow for a 10% Residential Energy Self Generation Programme but faces challenges in increasing the penetration of renewable energy (RE) systems. The addition of significant amounts of renewable energy will require upgrades to the electric grid, and a reliable electricity network with adequate distribution capacity is vital, with an adequate network infrastructure and grid stability.
Requested CTCN Response
Enhance capacity to transition to renewable energy and energy efficiency:
• Provide a better understanding of the achievable levels of renewable energy integration
• Develop capacity to conduct grid stability assessment
• Develop a comprehensive methodology for the grid stability assessment
• Provide technological options for grid stability and renewable energy integration
• Design a customized solution for country wide grid stability for the Bahamas
Relevant technologies and approaches
• Increased energy security
• Improved system reliability and power quality
• Energy sustainability and efficiency
The medium-term impact is an increase in the supply side by accommodating a high penetration of renewable energy (mainly solar PV) that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions, enabling the Bahamas to meet its Nationally Determined Contribution of a minimum reduction of 30% by 2030.