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Training

  • Objective

    ‘Agricultural extension’ describes the services that provide rural people with the access to knowledge and information they need to increase productivity and sustainability of their production systems and improve their quality of life and livelihoods. Recent developments in agricultural policies have re-emphasised the importance of extension services (extensionists are technically qualified individuals who provide outreach services to rural areas).

  • Objective

    The Farmer Field School is a group-based learning process that has been used by a number of governments, NGOs and international agencies originally to promote integrated pest management (IPM). The first FFS were designed and managed by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in Indonesia in 1989. They were developed in response to perception that small farmers were not managing agrochemical-based agriculture well, particularly pest management through the use of pesticides.

  • Objective

    In many countries, forest governance has remained a centralised and top-down process. Policies ignore the role of forests in tribal livelihoods and cultures, violating the overlapping laws protecting the rights of these communities. Premises and procedures for identifying and defining forests are poor, resulting in land use conflicts, unclear boundaries, legal disputes and inappropriate management objectives for lands wrongly classified as ‘forest’.