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Wood

Technology Type Group:

Wood

  • Improving Biomass Conversion Efficiency by Modifying Lignin so Plant Cell Walls Are More Digestible and Fermentable

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    Lignocellulosic biomass is a very desirable feedstock for biofuel production. If the fermentation process for lignocellulose could be optimized conversion of this biomass could yield 25 to 50 billion gallons of ethanol or other biofuels per year. However lignocellulose which is composed of lignin cellulose and hemicelluloses is resistant to chemical or enzymatic hydrolysis. This resistance is a key limiting step in the conversion of biomass into fermentable sugars.

  • Greatwoods: Genetically Optimized Black Walnut Trees

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Black walnut trees are one of the most valuable species in the United States. The hardwood is used in making quality lumber and veneer and has an added benefit of producing walnuts used in food production. Hardwood trees in general have many other benefits. They provide environmental stabilization as windbreakers protection from watershed and reclamation. The raw materials from the wood are used in cosmetic pharmaceutical and botanical industries.

  • Method for Producing Pulp

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Summary: The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners interested in developing an efficient method for producing pulp from wood chips. Detailed Technology Description: To make paper from wood wood must first be transformed into pulp. Current pulping techniques require high amounts of electrical energy or large quantities of wood. UW-Madison researchers have developed a method for producing pulp from wood chips by pretreating the chips with oxalic acid and sodium bisulfite.

  • Trees for Woody Biomass Applications: Improved Aspen Clones

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Background: Improved aspen clones that produce increased biomass have been developed at Iowa State University. Technology Description: Fast growing trees such as aspen cottonwood and eucalyptus can be grown as so-called short rotation crops and have potential to be used as a source of woody biomass for the production of biofuels such as wood pellets and cellulosic ethanol. In the prime cottonwood growing region which includes eastern Louisiana eastern Arkansas western Mississippi and western Kentucky cottonwoods can grow 12-15 feet per year allowing them to be harvested biennially.

  • Domespace: The first rotating wooden house

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Domespace is a new type of housing entirely made of wood it can rotate automatically or manually (remote control) to follow the sun. Its geometry and conception turn it positive in terms of energy offer and demand ratio. Due to its shape it resists to 280 km per h winds and is anti-seismic.

  • Production of lignin agglomerates

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    This invention presents a process and an apparatus for the production of water-insoluble lignin granulates for material and energetic usage. Pulp extraction for manufacturing paper from wood or grasses generates lignin which has a high calorific value in large amounts as a side-product and component of waste liquor. The further use of lignin is prevented especially because of heterogeneity aroma water solubility dust formation and high reactivity.

  • Pheromone insect traps LOSKA

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Researchers from a Slovak forestry agency have developed highly effective pheromone insect traps suitable for capturing bark and wood boring beetles with the purpose of monitoring and inspection of forest protection. The pheromone trap is available in two different shape variants both providing high quality of collected samples and 20 - 30% increase in collecting efficiency compared to currently available technologies. The agency seeks companies interested in technology purchase or licensing agreement.

  • Ionic Liquid Based Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Materials for Biofuel Production.

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    North Carolina State University is seeking an industry partner to commercialize a novel method for the ionic liquid based pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials for biofuel production. US Patent No. 8182557 has issued on this technology.Ethanol is gaining in popularity as an alternative fuel and is currently primarily made from the starch in kernels of field corn. However the use of corn as a starting material is a severe limitation since corn is a valuable food source.

  • Compost and Biogas from Organic Waste Materials

    Type: 
    Product

    A researcher at the University of California Davis working in cooperation with an outside collaborator have developed a multi-stage process and system for treating organic waste materials. This process produces a high-quality compost derived from food waste and other organic materials while avoiding the environmental problems of traditional composting methods such as emissions of odors volatile organic compounds and other noxious gases.

  • Unleashing Biomass Sugars Using Bromine Salt

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Background: Methods to produce bioethanol from cornstarch or sugarcane are inadequate to meet the global demand for renewable fuels. To be sustainable biofuel production should rely on abundant cheap inedible lignocellulose – like switchgrass corn stover wheat straw wood chips and waste paper. However lignocellulose is a complex material made of cellulose wrapped by tough hemicellulose and lignin. For this reason lignocellulose is more difficult than starch to break down and convert (hydrolyze) into fermentable sugars.