Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is a diploid cool-season bunch-type grass that is widely used for turf purposes. It germinates rapidly and is quick to establish—characteristics that have led to its frequent use in turfgrass mixtures in both the temperate and transition climatic zones. Perennial ryegrass is used in lawn golf course tees and fairways and some highly maintained athletic fields because it tolerates relatively short mowing heights and traffic while providing a good playing surface. It is broadly adapted to cool temperate climates and moist environments.
CO2 emissions can be reduced with effective irrigation by increasing yields and crop residues which can enhance carbon sequestration. (Smith et. al., 2008).
Irrigation is sufficiently common that little description is required. Suffice as to say that all types of irrigation, such as flood, sprinkler, surface and sub-surface drip, can all enhance crop yields with subsequent increases in crop residues and enhanced carbon sequestration. Eighteen per cent of cropped areas are currently irrigated. If additional areas can be put under irrigation, then additional carbon sequestration can occur. Prominent (adaptation) technologies in this area are:
- Sprinkler irrigation
- Drip irrigation
- Fog harvesting
- Rainwater harvesting
- Rainwater harvesting from rooftops
- Rainwater harvesting from ground surfaces
Feasibility of technology and operational necessities
The adaptation technologies listed above also have positive mitigation effects. For more information about the operational necessities, see the individual technology articles.
Status of the technology and its future market potential
For information about the status of the technologies, see the individual technology articles.
Financial requirements and costs
For information about the costs of the technologies, see the individual technology articles.
- Smith P, Martino D, Cai Z, Gwary D, Janzen HH, Kumar P, Mccarl B, Ogle S, O’mara F, Rice C, Scholes RJ, Sirotenko O, Howden M, Mcallister T, Pan G, Romanenkov V, Schneider U, Towprayoon S, Wattenbach M and Smith JU (2008): Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 363:789-813.
The company has the widest filtration product line that includes a range of technologies and products from home filters through huge industrial filters for heavy industry (suitable for the supply of more than 6000 cubic meters per hour per unit). The company specializes in automatic filters with self-cleaning capabilities while focusing on the three main filtration techniques 1.
Galil Engineering Group supplies multiple engineering services and technological solutions to the municipal and industrial segments in Israel and worldwide. Galil Water Technologies (GWT) - the environmental arm of Galil Engineering Group - offers technological know how and experience with water and wastewater treatment. It has the 1) Gardening line: Irrigation controllers from single station controller up to central control systems with unlimited stations; 2) Agriculture line: Irrigation controllers climate control systems and precise fertigation machines.
Interdan LTD. is a distributor and integrator of Photovoltaic independent hybrid (solar/wind/fuel generator) and grid-connected electric power systems. As distributor Interdan supplies all solar and wind system components as well as kits for mounting by users and their contractors. Uses of systems include home and community electrification power back up to poor utility lines grid connection with feed-in tariffs power for telecom computerized irrigation control electric fencing and alarm security and traffic lighting water flow control and pumping.
Mekorot implements state-of the-art technological solutions and cutting-edge processes that succeeded in maximizing the utilization of Israel’s water resources. The systems include a national network of fully-automated control centres. These centres ensure the continuous functioning of Mekorot’s 3000 water installations including wells pumping stations treatment facilities reservoirs and pipelines. Advanced communications devices provide online real-time information about water quality and water supply while allowing remote control of vital systems.
EBONY is a Professional Entrepreneur working with leading Israeli and International world-wide enterprises to market export and deliver solutions products and services to countries in Africa Europe South America and Asia. EBONY thrives to implement in those countries solutions that are up-to-date on demand and personalized to increase productivity and drive know-how.
Metzerplas is a kibbutz-based industry of micro-irrigation products and various types of pipelines: SP pipe for cold and hot water plumbing PE pipes for water infrastructure and telecommunication. Metzerplas unique drippers have been designed with the widest dripper inlet filter and an innovative PC (Pressure Compensating) mechanism for precise irrigation with low-quality water and clog-resistance. The application of the kibbutz first-hand agricultural experience having very scarce and low-quality water resources has led to the development of new state-of-the-art products.
The company has been involved in flowing infrastructures covering a wide range of their various aspects: Reclaiming effluents for irrigation supplying fresh water removal and treatment of wastewater urban and agricultural drainage storing runoff water and waste water in reservoirs.
Plastro brings to the irrigation world technological leadership and innovative solutions with a long tradition of reliability and friendliness. The company manufactures drip emitters and driplines sprinklers sprayers foggers and accessories.
SolarPower Israel Ltd. is a system integration company which provides renewable energy solutions. It designs integrates supplies and installs solar energy systems for grid-connected applications rural electrification telecommunications security applications irrigation etc.