The urban population in Africa is increasing at a faster rate than any other continent (3.5 per cent per annum). Although waste generation is currently lower in Africa than in the developed world, sub-Saharan Africa is forecast to become the dominant region globally in terms of total waste generation if current generation trends persist. Waste generation in Africa, like in other developing regions in the world, is driven by population growth, rapid urbanization, a growing middle class, changing consumption habits and production patterns, and global waste trade and trafficking. The African Union has called on African cities to commit to recycling at least 50 per cent of the urban waste they generate by 2023 and to grow urban waste recycling industries.
Mauritius, with total population of around 1.3 million, generates about 1,488 tonnes of waste daily. The Government of the Republic of Mauritius strategies aims to adopt a responsible and environmentally sustainable policy regarding energy production, waste management and physical infrastructural development, in addition to mainstreaming climate change education for sustainable development.
There exist technology barriers in the country and in developing countries generally on adoption of the circular economy. This is not only limited to technical expertise and finances buts also include lack of policy, institutional and strategic frameworks to guide its adoption.
Assess the current status of the integration of the concept of circular economy and to develop a draft roadmap:
- key stakeholders and current initiatives;
- the circular economy value and definition of benefits, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges in the country;
- identify potential projects that can be prepared and scaled-up as a follow-up of this technical assistance.
Focus on the climate benefits originating from a circular economy model will help in the implementation of the National Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the achievement of the goals of the Paris Agreement. As an outcome of the circular economy roadmap supported by the CTCN, at least one pilot project will be selected carrying high potential to be implemented as a follow-up of the technical assistance.