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World and European Energy and Environment Transition Outlook

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This report investigates the demographic, policy, technological, and social facets of energy and environment transitions beyond 2050. The authors estimate that energy demand could be more than three times as high at the end of the century as it was in 2000; they call for renewables and energy efficiency to play a significant role addressing this demand if nuclear energy and carbon capture and sequestration cannot. The authors conclude that some form of carbon pricing will have to be at the core of policy action.