It is evident that impacts of climate change will seriously affect the availability of water resources and that responses so far at best have been slow in most developing countries. The Report looks at water adaptation aspects in ongoing processes of formulating and implementing National Adaptation Programmes of Action – NAPAs. Adapting to climate change and increased variability will entail dynamic spatial and temporal adjustments at every level – from community-based to national and international. The range of practices that can be used to adapt to climate change is diverse, and includes changes in behavior, structural changes, policy based responses, technological responses and/or managerial responses, all of which water cuts across. The Report is scrutinizing the water policy and NAPA interface ; what extent and in what ways water issues are made part of the NAPAs, and existing water sector plans and policies include adaptation as a strategic area.