Connecting countries to climate technology solutions
English Arabic Chinese (Simplified) French Russian Spanish Yoruba

TSO-DSO Interaction: An Overview of Current Interaction between Transmission and Distribution System Operators and an Assessment of their Cooperation in Smart Grids

Publication date:
Antony Zegers, Helfried Brunner
Type of publication:
Knowledge partner:

The discussion paper provides an overview of current interactions between transmission system operators (TSOs) and distribution system operators (DSOs) and their interaction in the rapidly changing grid operations sector. According to the authors, future cooperation is necessary with the increasing adoption of smart grid technologies and distributed generation. The paper may inform decision makers in restructured electricity markets where a clear distinction between TSO and DSO exists or in the re-design of vertically integrated utilities.