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Tropical forestry and carbon sequestration

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S. M. Nor
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This paper examines strategies for carbon sequestration, and how this is provided for under the Kyoto Protocol, with particularly attention to Malaysia's carbon sequestration strategies. Carbon sequestration is a significant technique that plays a major role in bringing down global warming. Since it is comparatively cost effective and multi beneficial, "Annex 1" countries of the Kyoto Protocol have shown their interests in initiating carbon sequestration projects with Non-Annex 1 countries. A large volume of carbon must be sequestered and members of the Conference of Parties (CoP) have committed to carry out this effort within an accepted time frame.The Kyoto Protocol paves the way for the flow of funds to developing countries for carrying out their carbon sequestration projects. Tropical forests in developing countries are a good choice for such programmes, as they can sequester significant amounts of carbon through conservation of old forests, conservation of biodiversity, good harvesting techniques and through the establishment of forest plantations, as trees in the tropics grow at a much faster rate than elsewhere. Along with carbon being sequestered, sustainability of forestry, which has long been desired, is also maintained.The State of Sabah in Malaysia, has initiated some programmes in carbon sequestration in forestry with institutions in developed countries through enrichment planting and reduced impact logging.The paper concludes that while tropical rain forests have become a primary source of carbon emissions in the 20th century, tropical rain forests also offer tremendous opportunities for cleaning the global atmosphere through carbon sequestration.