This article describes new ways to solve urban traffic congestion problems. It emphasizes strategies that help achieve multiple planning objectives and therefore maximize overall benefits. It reflects a new planning paradigm that expands the range of impacts and options considered in the planning process. Strategies presented include improvements to resource efficient modes such as walking, cycling and public transport; incentives for urban-peak travelers to use the most efficient option for each trip; and smart growth development policies that reduce travel distances and therefore total congestion costs.
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