To what extent are Jordanian women currently participating in water management and conservation projects? This document provides an overview of various natural resource management projects in which women have or have not had significant involvement, and discusses their successes and failures. It provides case-studies from government and non-government projects, and compares the impact of those initiatives on the men and women involved. It also draws from the case studies to provide a summary of the main issues affecting female participation in natural resource management. For example, communities are resistant to having women in management positions. Gender perspectives in water management policies and programmes are often weak or absent. Project teams also often underestimate the experience of the local female community and so don't involve them. The result is that the implementing partners often impose decisions on the community and reduce local motivation for taking ownership over projects. The resource points to awareness raising and organisational support as key areas to help advance women's role in natural resource management.