A renewables readiness assessment (RRA) identifies the actions needed to overcome a country’s barriers to renewable energy deployment, with IRENA providing technical support and expertise to facilitate consultations among different national stakeholders. This RRA report for The Gambia is structured in five substantive sections. Section 1 presents the introduction covering country background, RRA methodology and the RRA process in The Gambia. Section 2 presents the renewable and general energy context in the region. It includes an overview of the energy sector in The Gambia, its challenges and an overview of renewable energy potential and use. It also provides a detailed discussion of the electricity sector. Section 3 explores The Gambia’s energy institutions and the policy and regulatory framework as well as the conditions of financing and investment in the country. Section 4 presents the emerging concerns relating to solar/wind electricity (on-grid), a range of decentralized (offgrid) applications as well as the biomass sector. Opportunities and constraints that affect deployment scale-up are discussed along with the RRA findings. Section 5 presents the recommended action necessary for scaling up renewable energy in The Gambia. An annex presents a detailed account of the recommended actions identified by the RRA.