This joint country gender assessment, launched in October 2007, was led by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) with cooperation from the National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women (NCRFW), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the European Commission (EC), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). More than 200 representatives from the Philippine government, nongovernmental and women’s organisations collaborated as well – making it possible to undertake such a difficult, in-depth, gender-specific analysis of specific current topics in the variable and diverse (ethnically, socially and regionally) Republic of the Philippines. There are three thematic sections in this publication, each of which is fundamental to empowering women and reducing poverty: Economic empowerment (employment issues in old and new workplaces, informal work and entrepreneurship, labour migration); Social development (basic social services, social protection, gender-based violence); and Governance (gender budgeting, conflict and peace building, disaster risk reduction). These themes were derived from the Filipino Framework Plan for Women 2001–2004, part of the long-term Philippine Plan for Gender Responsive Development 1995–2025. This country gender assessment follows the principles of alignment and harmonization as set out in the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, endorsed in March 2005.