Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a culturally and geographically diverse country. It’s location in the Pacific Ring of Fire makes it prone to natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, cyclones, river and coastal flooding, landslides, and droughts. PNG also continues to face challenges in health care, the economy, and with a variety of social issues. As a result, the country has implemented several initiatives toward disaster risk management and mitigation as well as partnered with neighbor nations to meet its objectives for advancement and prosperity. PNG is also making climate change mitigation a priority. The PNG Vision 2050 maps out the future direction of these efforts and has prompted nationwide improvements in coordination and communication. 2 In particular, PNG has made strides in Information Sharing (IS) with its Communicating with Communities initiative in collaboration with the United Nations. IS continues to play a major role in the planning, mitigation, and recovery efforts of country’s natural disasters. PNG and the United States (U.S.) have a long and effective defense relationship. Along with partners such as Australia and New Zealand, the U.S. has been proud to assist in the capacity building of the Papua New Guinea Defense Force (PNGDF) in response to domestic and global threats.
The Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DM) provides education, training and research about disaster management and humanitarian assistance, particularly in international settings that require coordination between the DoD and civilian agencies. This PNG Disaster Management Reference Handbook, provides the reader not only a baseline understanding of regional-specific factors which influence disaster management; it also provides responders with a robust knowledge of the local mechanisms. Additionally, it gives decision makers, planners, and responders a greater understanding of national disaster management plans and structures, including information on key domestic disaster response entities, basic regional background, local and international humanitarian organizations present in the region. Finally, it details the country’s IS capabilities, available resources, and partnerships.