This publication provides an overview of trends, impacts on energy demand, technical solutions and policy options. Chapter 1 describes information and communication technology as well as communication network trends and evolution, and it provides insights into the very recent but rapidly developing market for network-enabled devices. Chapter 2 discusses the impact of these developments on the energy sector and electricity savings potentials. Chapter 3 explores the range of technical solutions that can be implemented to achieve these electricity savings. Chapter 4 gives an overview of the range of stakeholders that need to be involved in developing and implementing these solutions. Chapter 5 examines available policy options that can be used to stimulate the development and uptake of solutions, illustrated by examples of policies already in place. Chapter 6 makes the case for international co-operation and co-ordination to accelerate energy efficiency progress. It sets out an action plan that clearly itemises what needs to be done and identifies who needs to do what—particularly in this early stage of launching a global policy initiative that cuts across so many sectors and type of devices.