The United Nations (UN) is formally committed to gender mainstreaming within all UN policies and programmes. Many people, however, find it difficult to understand why gender might be a factor in climate change or how it should be addressed. This paper summarises these issues as discussed at two gender focused side events during the 2004 tenth session of the Conference of the Parties to the U.N Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-10). The first side event focused specifically on the issue of gender and adaptation to climate change, concluding that the current problem is not a lack of willingness to incorporate a gender perspective but a lack of knowledge or toolkits to do so. The second event looked more broadly at the need to incorporate gender into the full range of climate policy worldwide. Specific recommendations were made on the basis of these discussions, including:?undertake a gender analysis of all budget lines and financial instruments regarding climate change;?develop gender-sensitive indicators which could be incorporated into the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UN FCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms and instruments;?carry out global and national studies on the gender-differentiated impacts of global climate change.