The idea of climate compatible development is intuitively attractive, and has gained widespread traction since it was first proposed it in 2010. It is now an idea that has become central to the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The global goals are transformative in scope precisely because they require action on climate change to be mainstreamed in all aspects of development work.

The purpose of this book is to synthesise lessons from the first five years’ work of CDKN – the Climate and Development Knowledge Network. CDKN has funded research, policy advice and knowledge programmes, globally and in more than 70 countries. It has also supported negotiators and negotiating groups in different regions.

As CDKN has worked with governments and others, seven issues have come to the fore and have demanded solutions:

eliminating ambiguity in the concept of climate compatible development, and exploring possible trade-offs in the implementation of climate-related policies that will deliver the SDG goals and targets
making the case and winning the argument, in countries where leaders face many competing demands on political capital and resources
managing climate compatible development planning in ways that mainstream climate concerns into development planning and ensure cross-government coherence
finding the resources to cover any additional costs of climate compatible development, drawing on international as well as domestic sources
creating the right culture and instruments for implementation, to ensure that plans are not blown off course
delivering at scale, so that impact is transformational in scale and irreversible
linking the national to the global, so that national interests are well-represented in global negotiations, and global agreements are reflected in national action


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Reduction of energy use in traction
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