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Integrating climate change adaptation into secure livelihoods: Toolkit 3 (Developing a programme strategy and plan of action)

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R. Ewbank (ed)
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Climate change adaptation has progressed significantly in many of the regions and countries identified as key focus areas. However, while the nature of work varies from programme to programme, in most areas it remains mainly in the ad hoc piloting stage of small scale initiatives building on ongoing secure livelihoods and disaster risk reduction (DRR) work. The purpose of this toolkit is to help programme workers develop a strategy that outlines this kind of integrated programmatic approach to climate change adaptation for their programme since few country programme strategy papers (CPSPs) were developed with a specific climate change perspective integrated into them. This toolkit is intended for the focus of countries that are facing high impacts of climate change, or where  Christian Aid has an existing secure livelihoods programme to give a basis for further programme development and learning to develop climate change risk reduction and adaptation.

According to this document, the integration strategy may replace the current livelihoods programme strategy or sit within a broader strategy, including other key livelihoods issues like access to markets, conflict or social exclusion. The new strategy has the following practical implications:

integrating climate change into partners’ existing secure livelihoods work
developing new adaptation-focused partnerships and projects
building linkages/collaboration between partners
research into key outstanding issues
developing adaptation funding proposals.

Such an adaptation strategy should include the following:

climate risk assessment: assisting in identifying where priority actions could be implemented by combining analysis of the climate vulnerability of rural-urban areas and agro-ecological zones with an analysis of poverty and livelihoods
adaptation policy context: summarising the existing policies on climate change and awareness of the need to adapt to it
stakeholder analysis: summarising key stakeholders either directly engaged in or engaged in strongly related interventions at the national and local level
statement of strategic focus: this should summarise the strategic focus of the programme.

The toolkit outlines the following steps needed in order to create a more detailed plan of action to add to the basic strategy detail:

earlier related programmes, lessons learnt and progress to date
programme planning process
problem statement and rationale
programme description and methodology
strategies and approaches
management framework
programme finance
cross referencing with emerging frameworks.