This article presents the benefits to vulnerable communities of indigenous based climate change adaptation and the advantages of collaborating with scientific strategies, instead of remaining a separate entity, to produce the strongest and most appropriate result. The author discusses the tendency for traditional local knowledge to be discarded in favour of mainstream development activities and conventional knowledge based policy.Uganda has committed to climate change adaptation through adoption of its National Adaptation Programme of Action and some communication has been made at a policy level regarding the importance of urgent action. The author questions the extent to which all stakeholders, including the poor and vulnerable, are receiving this information and therefore having little involvement in developing appropriate adaptation systems.An example of the inequity of indigenous versus scientific knowledge having a negative impact in Uganda lies within food security developments and agricultural importance. Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA) policies have been implemented but numerous communities are not financially or infrastructurally equipped to comply with plans. The environmental impacts of GM seeds, for example, are questioned by Ugandan farmers and their increased use has degraded indigenous seed stocks.The author maintains that:Ugandan policy makers are failing to involve vulnerable individuals and therefore failing to utilise indigenous knowledgelocal community knowledge and participatory skills should be developedindigenous and scientific knowledge are undoubtedly linked and should be considered symbiotic.