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Impact assessment and national adaptation strategy for vulnerability and capacity assessment and national adaptation strategy for St. Kitts and Nevis

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The EU GCCA Project aims to assist participating countries to develop the capacity to design and implement climate change adaptation policies and measures. It seeks among other things, to incorporate and mainstream climate change adaptation issues into the national development and planning processes and mechanisms in order to enhance the economic and social development of the individual participating countries in particular, and the Caribbean as a whole.

The impact assessment involved several assessments, these included: An assessment of existing climate and future climate projections for rainfall, temperature, wind speed and sea level rise patterns based on the data received from St. Kitts and Nevis.

A water resource assessment was also conducted to determine existing vulnerability and threats to the water resources and supply in both islands, including the determination of a water scarcity index. The water resource analysis also included the use of projected changes for rainfall patterns and for temperature to analyse the likely impact that these would have on the current system.

A policy, institutional and legislative assessment governing the water sector for St. Kitts was also conducted and the gaps were identified.

The socioeconomic setting for St. Kitts and Nevis was also assessed and the climate projections were used to analyse the likely impact on the residences and businesses in the area. Likely impacts on the agriculture and health sector were also assessed according to the term of reference.

Limitations for these assessments were largely associated with the inadequacy or absence of data sets that would improve the analyses conducted. The results of the assessments helped to inform the development of the National Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan (NASAP) recommended for the water sector in St. Kitts and Nevis. This was developed in consultations with the Stakeholders in St. Kitts and Nevis