This report gathers key messages from the Anglophone African Regional Workshop on "Converting (I)NDCs into action: the role of NAMAs in NDC implementation", which tool place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on 2-4 May 2016. On the one hand Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) are an important instrument to assist the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)1 under the Paris Agreement. On the other hand, NDCs can provide long-term targets and hence an important framework for the implementation of NAMAs. In this complementary relationship, NAMAs can play an important function as mitigation building blocks, which will be able to trigger substantial emission reductions. Additionally, they can be a vehicle for international climate finance flows and be used to track and communicate progress on implementing NDC targets.