This report describes the impact of wind power on the grid, methods to analyze the impact and approaches to mitigate the impact. Countries like Denmark, Germany and Spain, and regions within the United States that include Texas and Colorado have achieved high penetration of wind energy with modest changes to the grid. The key to high penetration of wind energy has been flexible grids, according to the authors. They outline the lessons learned and focus on their applicability to emerging wind energy markets.

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Energy efficiency
Renewable energy