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The Green Grid: Energy Savings and Carbon Emissions Reductions Enabled by a Smart Grid

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This report from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) estimates the energy savings and carbon dioxide emission reductions from five factors enabled by a Smart Grid: (1) continuous commissioning for commercial buildings; (2) distribution voltage control; (3) enhanced demand response and load control; (4) direct feedback on energy usage; and (5) enhanced energy efficiency program measurement and verification capabilities. In addition, this report estimates indirect carbon dioxide emissions impacts from two mechanisms not tied to energy savings: facilitation of expanded integration of intermittent renewable resources and facilitation of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) market penetration.