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Global LEAP: Off-Grid Appliance Market Survey

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This document reports on the results of an online survey of energy access professionals with two key questions: (1) over the next 3-5 years, what appliance products are likely to inspire the greatest off-grid consumer demand and (2) what appliances are likely to drive the greatest energy access (e.g. socioeconomic or environmental) benefits? The survey found that—for off-grid household and small- to medium-sized enterprise (SME) applications—LED room lighting appliances, mobile phone charging banks, televisions, radios, refrigeration, fans, and solar water pumps are the appliances with the highest likely demand, in that order. These also tended to be viewed as the highest-impact appliances. Demand for these appliances tends to be consistent across regions. However, in South Asia (e.g. India and Bangladesh) fans are the fourth most demanded product, behind televisions but ahead of radios and refrigeration. For healthcare and clinical applications, the demand for refrigeration, sterilizers/autoclaves, patient monitors, portable ultrasound machines and regulated IV pumps is highest. Again these also tended to be viewed as the highest impact applications, along with oxygen concentrators. The authors argue that market, policy and programmatic initiatives would do well to focus on developing the markets for these high-demand, high-impact product categories over the next 3-5 years.