Using examples of climate change and its effects on developing countries this workshop report considers the tension between the need for economic growth in the developing world and the concern over increasing greenhouse gas emissions and attempts to formalise the link between poverty and environmental degradation. It argues there is a real risk of the chasm between rich and poor widening as the climate changes unless poverty and environmental degradation are dealt with as a single issue.Ways of promoting economic and social development, and improving the health of populations and ecosystems whilst reducing emissions and mitigating the impacts of climate change are discussed with the report advocating a combination of technology and grass roots action in both the developed and developing world to combat current inequalities in health status and access to adequate basic resources.The central conclusion of the report is that development programmes tend to be more successful and sustainable when they take climate change into account while programmes to mitigate and adapt to climate change work better when geared to fit in with a country's development framework.Specific conclusions and recommendations:include climate change mitigation and adaptation as primary goals in development assistance programs. Existing programs should be redesigned to align MDGs, climate change mitigation, and economic developmentencourage developed countries to expand investment in assistance programs that integrate climate change mitigation and adaptation with economic development and capacity building. Projects that integrate climate change with economic development in developing counties should receive priority over those that address these challenges separatelyincrease investments and participation in market-based mechanisms to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs)improve infrastructure to invest in climate change mitigation and adaptation along with development. Develop and expand programs and strategies to increase investment in renewable energy systems. The introduction of renewable energy into rural areas should be linked with policies that promote rural economic developmenttake action in all countries to stabilise atmospheric concentrations of GHGs and explore options for engaging developing countries in creative ways. Developed countries are responsible for the vast majority of past emissions and have obligations to act first, yet other major emitters in the developing world must also take actionintegrate science and technology with issues of development in both developing and developed countries. For example, development programs and plans could consider the possibility for science and technology to contribute toward solutions for global environment and development issuesinvest in and enhance education and communication about climate change and sustainable developmentpromote the development and deployment of energy efficient and low-carbon technologies.The report is a summary of discussions and consensus themes from the workshop, “The Developing World: The Global Climate and Economic Development”, hosted by the University of Minnesota’s Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.