In 2005, 23 participants gathered to discuss gender and climate change related research, and its role and use in women's / gender related advocacy in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process. Three questions were addressed: What do we need to know about gender and climate change to influence UNFCCC negotiations? This included the need for gender specific data and knowledge in various forms on the causes and impacts of climate change - such as energy consumption and affects on health. What do we know already? Discussions included awareness that women are and will be affected more severely than men by climate change due to its linkages with poverty (e.g. less resilience against reduced land productivity) and reproduction (such as water collection). Which questions need to be addressed by future research? A strategic research agenda was formulated and included assessing the impacts of climate change on poverty reduction, food and water security, housing, disaster management and conflict.