The Government of India, through different policies and initiatives, has promoted development of rural India by increasing supply of affordable sources of energy, promoting infrastructure development, promoting electrification of villages and households, introducing efficient pump sets for irrigation, increasing LPG connections, etc. These initiatives have certainly contributed to development in rural areas of the country. However, the country is still coping with the issues of access to energy as well as unsustainable energyusage practices. This report aims to quantify and chart out a sustainable low-carbon growth path to improve the energy situation in rural India. The report describes the results of analysis carried out to assess the current rural energy mix of India, estimate carbon footprint of the current energy mix, and project the GHG emissions abatement potential vis-à-vis the BAU energy mix. The study concludes that low carbon development of rural India can improve socio-economic development of rural India, and achieve universal access to energy for farmers, rural households and rural businesses through sustainable and inclusive growth.