This guide provides a taxonomy of transportation benefits to communities, business and governments, and it highlights the lost opportunities that manifest as climate change impairs infrastructure services. It focuses on aiding practitioners to better understand how to reveal the economic implications of both the ongoing damages to transport infrastructure and the benefits of investing to improve infrastructure resiliency. The guide includes a step-by-step approach exploring the causal chain linking climate change, asset vulnerability and economic outcomes and case studies related to transportation impacts with a focus on permafrost, roads and airports.